The Tragedy of the Commons - Garrett Hardin

The Tragedy of the Commons
BY GARRETT HARDIN
SCIENCE13 DEC 1968 : 1243-1248

Abstract
The population problem has no technical solution; it requires a fundamental extension in morality.

What Shall We Maximize?

We want the maximum good per person; but what is good? To one person it is wilderness, to another it is ski lodges for thousands. To one it is estuaries to nourish ducks for hunters to shoot; to another it is factory land. Comparing one good with another is, we usually say, impossible because goods are incommensurable. Incommensurables cannot be compared.